Skip to main content

English

From 30.00 € to 36.00 € /month //user | website | trial account
Last updated: 1 month
ACT! is customer relationship management (CRM) software designed to help companies manage customer interactions, track sales and improve productivity in a user-friendly interface.

Prices upon request | website | public demo
Last updated: 1 month
ADempiere is an open-source Enterprise Resource Planning (ERP) software that provides integrated solutions for CRM, SCM, and financial management.

From 9.00 € to 99.00 € /month //user | website | trial account
Last updated: 1 month
Agile CRM is an all-in-one, cloud-based CRM platform offering sales, marketing, and service automation, featuring contact management, telephony, and analytics tools.

From 30.00 € to 50.00 € /month //user | website | private demo
Last updated: 1 month
Akuiteo is an integrated, modular ERP solution designed specifically for professional services companies, helping to streamline operations, manage projects, and optimize financial performance through various customizable tools and features.

From 0.00 € to 474.00 € /month //organisation | website | trial account
Last updated: 1 month
AssoConnect is an all-in-one nonprofit management software providing tools for fundraising, accounting, member management, emailing, and website building, simplifying daily organizational tasks.

From 29.00 € to 119.00 € /month //user | website | trial account
Last updated: 1 month
Attio is a customizable workspace platform that helps teams collaborate, organize data, and manage projects efficiently, offering features like databases, workflows, and integrations with other tools.

Prices upon request | website | request trial
Last updated: 1 month
Axelor is an open-source business management platform offering ERP, CRM, and BPM solutions. It provides modularity, customization, and a user-friendly interface, catering to various business needs and processes.

From 11.00 € to 69.00 € /month //user | website | trial account
Last updated: 1 month
Axonaut is an online French ERP software that offers CRM, invoicing, accounting, and inventory management solutions, mainly targeting small and medium-sized businesses for streamlined operations.

From 0.00 € to 15.00 € /month //user | website | trial account
Last updated: 1 month
Bigin is a CRM tool designed for small businesses, focusing on pipeline management. It originates from India, by Zoho Corporation.

From 49.00 € to 499.00 € /month //organisation | website | trial account
Last updated: 1 month
Bitrix24 is an all-in-one business platform providing tools for CRM, project management, collaboration, and communication for teams and businesses of various sizes.

Prices upon request | website | private demo
Last updated: 1 month
Blackbaud offers technology solutions for nonprofits and education sectors, facilitating fundraising, financial management, and constituent relationship management with global reach.

From 125.00 € to 775.00 € /month //organisation | website | private demo
Last updated: 1 month
Bloomerang, based in the United States, is a software provider specializing in donor management solutions for nonprofits, focusing on retention and engagement.

From 17.00 € to 59.00 € /month //user | website | trial account
Last updated: 1 month
BreakCold, a CRM software launched in 2015, enhances sales and marketing effectiveness through lead tracking, contact management, and campaign automation, prioritising user-friendliness and customisation.

From 17.00 € to 59.00 € /month //user | website | trial account
Last updated: 1 month
Brevo is an all-in-one digital marketing platform offering email marketing, automation, CRM, and SMS services to businesses.

Prices upon request | website | trial account
Last updated: 4 weeks
BrilliantDirectories provides software for creating and managing online directories, offering features like membership management, payment processing, SEO tools, and customizable templates to help businesses build and grow directory websites.

Prices upon request | website | trial account
Last updated: 4 weeks
Buildium provides property management software that helps landlords and property managers streamline tasks such as rent collection, tenant screening, maintenance requests, and accounting, enhancing efficiency and organisation in property management.

From 85.00 € to 150.00 € /month //organisation | website | private demo
Last updated: 1 month
Buildout specializes in commercial real estate, offering tailored tools for listings, client management, marketing, and analytics, enhancing productivity.

From 15.00 € to 75.00 € /month //user | website | trial account
Last updated: 1 month
Capsule CRM is a cloud-based customer relationship management tool designed for small businesses, emphasizing simplicity and ease of use.

From 40.50 € to 2025.00 € /month //organisation | website | trial account
Last updated: 1 month
Caspio offers a low-code development platform, enabling users to build custom business applications without coding. It provides tools for database creation, app deployment, and integration, facilitating streamlined business processes and operations.

Free of charge | website | public demo
Last updated: 1 day
CiviCRM is an open-source CRM designed for non-profits and civic sectors. It has evolved to offer more features, integrations, and improved user experience over the years.

From 7.00 € to 24.00 € /month //user | website | private demo
Last updated: 1 month
ClickUp is a cloud-based project management and productivity tool that offers task management, document collaboration, goal tracking, and time management features, aimed at enhancing team efficiency.

From 49.00 € to 749.00 € /month //organisation | website | trial account
Last updated: 1 month
Close (formerly Close.io) is a sales engagement CRM designed for startups and SMBs, focusing on communication, lead management, and productivity with an intuitive interface.

Prices upon request | website | public demo
Last updated: 4 weeks
ClubExpress provides web-based management software for clubs and associations, offering tools for membership management, event planning, communication, financial tracking, and website creation to streamline administrative tasks and enhance member engagement.

Prices upon request | website | private demo
Last updated: 1 month
Compiere, founded in 1999, provided open-source ERP software for small to mid-sized enterprises. Acquired by Aptean in 2010, it remains part of their business solutions suite.

From 900.00 € /month //organisation | website |
Last updated: 1 month
Concursive is a U.S.-based tech company providing social business and community management software, known for customizable and scalable solutions.

From 11.00 € to 65.00 € /month //user | website | trial account
Last updated: 1 month
ConvergeHub offers cloud-based CRM solutions for small to medium-sized businesses, integrating sales, marketing, and customer service functionalities for enhanced efficiency.

From 23.00 € to 134.00 € /month //user | website | private demo
Last updated: 1 month
Copper CRM is a user-friendly, cloud-based CRM system designed to integrate seamlessly with Google Workspace, focusing on automation, collaboration, and streamlining sales processes.

Prices upon request | website | trial account
Last updated: 1 month
Corteza, launched in 2019 by Crust Technology, is an open-source digital work platform offering CRM, ERP, and low-code solutions aimed at enhancing privacy, security, and democratization of technology for businesses.

From 25.00 € to 130.00 € /month //user | website | trial account
Last updated: 1 month
Creatio (formerly bpm'online) is a unified low-code platform for process automation and CRM, helping businesses manage customer relationships, streamline processes, and adapt rapidly to changing business needs.

From 0.00 € to 95.00 € /month //organisation | website | trial account
Last updated: 1 month
Crisp.chat is a customer messaging platform offering live chat, email, and marketing automation tools for businesses to engage with their customers effectively.

Prices upon request | website |
Last updated: 1 month
Drupal CRM Core is a set of modules for managing contacts, activities, and relationships in Drupal (beware: probably a sleeping extension?)

From 30.00 € to 70.00 € /month //user | website | trial account
Last updated: 1 month
Daylite, developed by Marketcircle, offers Mac-based CRM and productivity software focused on contact, task and project management, with customization options.

From 100.00 € to 150.00 € /month //user | website | private demo
Last updated: 1 month
Divalto is a French software company offering tailored Enterprise Resource Planning (ERP) solutions, focusing on SMEs, with modular, mobile, and user-friendly products for operational efficiency.

/month //organisation | website | trial account
Last updated: 1 month
Dolibarr is an open-source ERP and CRM software suite that is modular, easy to use, and customizable, catering mainly to small and medium-sized businesses.

Prices upon request | website | private demo
Last updated: 4 weeks
DoorLoop provides property management software that automates tasks such as rent collection, tenant screening, maintenance tracking, and accounting, streamlining operations and improving efficiency for landlords and property managers.

From 65.00 € to 285.00 € /month //user | website | trial account
Last updated: 1 month
MS Dynamics365 is a suite of enterprise resource planning (ERP) and customer relationship management (CRM) applications, helping businesses automate operations and improve customer interactions.

Prices upon request | website | trial account
Last updated: 1 month
Microsoft Dynamics 365 for Nonprofits offers tailored features like discounted pricing, fundraising and engagement modules, volunteer and grant management, constituent management, impact tracking, and integration with the Nonprofit Common Data Model. These cater specifically to the unique needs of nonprofit organizations, differing from the commercial edition's business-focused tools.

From 18.00 € to 80.00 € /month //user | website | trial account
Last updated: 1 month
Efficy is a customer relationship management (CRM) software that helps businesses manage their interactions with current and potential customers to improve relationships.

From 14.00 € to 119.00 € /month //user | website | trial account
Last updated: 1 month
EngageBay provides affordable marketing, sales, and service automation solutions for small to medium-sized businesses, prioritising user-friendly interfaces and scalability.

From 15.00 € to 69.00 € /month //user | website | trial account
Last updated: 1 month
EspoCRM is an open-source CRM application designed to manage business relationships, streamline processes, and improve profitability.

From 250.00 € to 400.00 € /month //organisation | website | request trial
Last updated: 1 month
Eudonet is a CRM and business software provider, offering solutions for sales, marketing, and customer service, aiming to improve efficiency and customer relationships across industries.

Prices upon request | website | request trial
Last updated: 1 month
Everwin is a French software company providing ERP and business management solutions tailored for service-based companies, emphasizing project management, time tracking, and resource optimization.

Prices upon request | website | private demo
Last updated: 1 month
Exact Synergy enhances customer management, sales, and marketing for SMEs, integrating with Exact Globe (Exact’s accounting and ERP suite).

Prices upon request | website | private demo
Last updated: 1 month
Exact Synergy enhances customer management, sales, and marketing for SMEs, integrating with Exact Globe (Exact’s accounting and ERP suite).

From 8.00 € to 71.00 € /month //user | website | trial account
Last updated: 1 month
Feng Office is a web-based collaboration platform offering project management, document management, time tracking, and task scheduling to streamline business and team productivity.

From 15.00 € to 35.00 € /month //user | website | trial account
Last updated: 1 month
Folk.com is a modern contact management platform designed to help users organize, collaborate, and leverage their professional and personal networks. By integrating with various communication tools, it streamlines interactions and enhances relationship management. The platform's history and evolution details are not provided, emphasizing its focus on improving networking efficiency through technology.

From 19.00 € to 85.00 € /month //user | website | trial account
Last updated: 1 month
ForceManager CRM is a mobile-first customer relationship management solution designed for field sales teams, emphasizing geolocation, ease of use, and real-time data access.

From 17.90 € to 29.90 € /month //user | website | private demo
Last updated: 1 month
FowCRM provides CRM software for sales, marketing, and customer support. It prioritises user-friendly interfaces and customisable features for diverse business needs.

From 9.00 € to 71.00 € /month //user | website | trial account
Last updated: 1 month
Founded in 2010, Freshworks offers cloud-based business software. It rebranded in 2017, went public in 2021, and serves over 150 countries with user-friendly CRM and ITSM solutions.

From 2.00 € to 12.00 € /month //user | website | trial account
Last updated: 1 month
Group Office is a Dutch collaborative online office suite designed for sharing projects, calendars, files, and emails, standing out with its open-source flexibility and integration capabilities.

From 6.00 € to 11.00 € /month //user | website | trial account
Last updated: 1 month
Helloleads.io is competitively priced lead management software designed to help small businesses efficiently capture, track and nurture leads, improving sales productivity and customer engagement.

From 8.00 € /month //user | website | private demo
Last updated: 1 month
Hivebrite is a community management and engagement platform from France, offering customizable networks to organizations for enhancing member interaction and engagement.

From 20.00 € to 340.00 € /month //user | website | trial account
Last updated: 1 month
HubSpot is an all-in-one inbound marketing, sales, and CRM platform, providing tools for content creation, lead generation, customer service, and analytics to enhance business growth.

From 25.00 € to 90.00 € /month //user | website | trial account
Last updated: 1 month
Insightly CRM differentiates with user-friendly design, project management integration, affordable plans for SMBs, and customizable features tailored to small to mid-sized businesses' needs.

From 39.00 € to 139.00 € /month //user | website | trial account
Last updated: 1 month
Intercom is a customer messaging and help desk platform enabling businesses to communicate with customers via chat, email, and social media.

/month /according to the number of contacts | website |
Last updated: 1 month
iRaiser is a European software company specializing in digital fundraising solutions, helping nonprofits and charities optimize their online donation processes through various customizable and efficient digital tools.

From 10.00 € to 25.00 € /month //user | website | public demo
Last updated: 1 month
Jetpack CRM is a customer relationship management plugin specifically designed for WordPress.

/month /according to the number of contacts | website | trial account
Last updated: 1 month
Kananas is an association management software platform designed to manage members, activities, finances, and communication for various organizations like associations, clubs, schools, unions, NGOs, and federations. It offers features such as online payment, document management, contact management, and simplified accounting tools.

From 29.00 € to 65.00 € /month //user | website | private demo
Last updated: 1 month
Koban is a comprehensive CRM and marketing automation software designed to help businesses manage their customer relationships, sales processes, and marketing campaigns effectively.

From 89.00 € to 139.00 € /month //user | website | private demo
Last updated: 1 month
Kustomer is a customer service platform offering integrated multi-channel support focusing on automation and AI.

Prices upon request | website | trial account
Last updated: 1 month
LeadMaster is a U.S.-based software offering integrated sales and marketing automation solutions, distinguished by its affordability and ease of use for businesses of all sizes.

Prices upon request | website | request trial
Last updated: 1 month
Mercator ERP from INEO SPRL is a versatile ERP software package for SMEs, integrating key business functions, known for its flexibility, scalability and solid customer support.

Prices upon request | website |
Last updated: 4 weeks
Mindbody provides business management software for the wellness industry, offering tools for scheduling, client management, marketing, and payment processing to fitness studios, salons, spas, and other wellness service providers.

From 29.00 € to 69.00 € /month //user | website | trial account
Last updated: 1 month
MobiCRM is a mobile-based CRM application designed for on-the-go access, helping sales teams manage contacts, track leads, and handle customer interactions efficiently from anywhere.

From 0.00 € to 24.00 € /month //user | website | trial account
Last updated: 1 month
Monday.com is a cloud-based platform that enables teams to create workflow apps in minutes to run their processes, projects, and everyday work.

Prices upon request | website | private demo
Last updated: 4 weeks
Neon provides cloud-based software for nonprofits, offering tools for donor management, fundraising, event planning, email marketing, and reporting to help organizations streamline operations and enhance donor engagement.

Prices upon request | website | private demo
Last updated: 1 month
NetSuite’s Customer Relationship Management (CRM) solution helps companies manage interactions with current and potential customers, partners and suppliers in a single place.

From 20.00 € to 25.00 € /month //user | website | trial account
Last updated: 1 month
Nimble CRM is a cloud-based customer relationship management platform designed for small to medium-sized businesses, offering features like contact management, sales tracking, social media integration, and task automation.

From 22.00 € to 39.00 € /month //user | website | trial account
Last updated: 1 month
noCRM.io (formerly YouDon'tNeedaCRM.com) is a streamlined and user-focused lead management tool designed to help sales teams track deals, manage leads, and eliminate data entry tasks.

From 16.00 € to 79.00 € /month //user | website | trial account
Last updated: 1 month
Nutshell CRM is a flexible, user-friendly customer relationship management tool offering contact management, pipeline automation, and email sequencing, primarily designed for sales teams.

Free of charge | website |
Last updated: 1 month
Odoo Community is an open-source ERP platform offering basic business management functions, while the Enterprise version offers advanced features and professional support.

From 0.00 € to 47.00 € /month //user | website | trial account
Last updated: 1 month
Odoo is an all-in-one, open-source business management software suite encompassing CRM, ERP, inventory, accounting, manufacturing and e-commerce functionalities, aimed at improving operational efficiency.

From 9.00 € to 26.00 € /month //user | website | trial account
Last updated: 1 month
OnePageCRM is a simple, user-friendly CRM designed for small businesses, focusing on converting leads to customers and streamlining the sales process using a GTD approach.

From 40.00 € /month //user | website | trial account
Last updated: 1 month
OpenCRM is a cloud-based customer relationship management solution offering sales, marketing, and project management features to businesses of all sizes.

Prices upon request | website | private demo
Last updated: 1 month
Oracle CX is a suite of cloud-based applications designed to manage customer experience across marketing, sales, service, and commerce.

From 14.00 € to 119.00 € /month //user | website | trial account
Last updated: 1 month
Pipedrive focuses on sales pipeline management, offering a visual sales pipeline interface that is intuitive, customizable, and emphasizes simplicity and user-centric design.

From 25.00 € to 59.00 € /month //user | website | trial account
Last updated: 1 month
Pipeline CRM is a user-friendly sales-focused CRM platform that helps small to medium businesses manage their sales pipelines, deals, and customer relationships efficiently.

From 50.00 € to 125.00 € /month //user | website | trial account
Last updated: 1 month
Pipeliner Sales is a visual CRM software designed to empower sales teams. It focuses on pipeline management, sales processes, and performance insights to drive productivity.

From 0.00 € to 20.00 € /month //user | website | trial account
Last updated: 1 month
Podio.com, founded in Copenhagen in 2009, is a versatile cloud-based collaboration service for project and team management, acquired by Citrix Systems in 2012.

Prices upon request | website |
Last updated: 1 month
Sage CRM is a cloud-based customer relationship management solution designed to help businesses improve customer relations and drive growth.

From 29.00 € to 99.00 € /month //user | website | trial account
Last updated: 1 month
Salesflare is a CRM platform designed to automate data input for small and medium-sized businesses, facilitating customer relationship management and sales processes.

From 25.00 € to 165.00 € /month //user | website | trial account
Last updated: 1 month
Salesforce is a leading CRM platform, founded in 1999 and revolutionizing the software industry with its cloud-based, customer-centric approach.

From 0.00 € to 30.00 € /month //user | website | trial account
Last updated: 1 month
Salesforce.org is the social impact center of Salesforce, focused on providing non-profit organizations, educational institutions, and philanthropic entities with technology, resources, and support to drive positive change.

Prices upon request | website | trial account
Last updated: 1 month
Salesmanago is marketing automation software. Founded in 2011, it offers tools for email, social media, and behavioral marketing campaigns.

SAP

From 50.00 € to 250.00 € /month //user | website | trial account
Last updated: 1 month
SAP CRM is a comprehensive customer relationship management solution, designed to streamline business processes and improve customer engagement.

From 29.00 € to 95.00 € /month //user | website | trial account
Last updated: 1 month
Sellsy is a French SaaS company offering an all-in-one business management platform that includes CRM, invoicing, and project management tools, aimed at SMEs.

From 15.00 € to 65.00 € /month //user | website | trial account
Last updated: 1 month
Addressing the complex needs of businesses in managing their interactions and data, SimpleCRM has carved out a niche by offering a user-friendly platform that integrates sales, marketing, and service activities into a unified system.

From 29.00 € to 89.00 € /month //organisation | website | trial account
Last updated: 1 month
Smoall is a web application offering essential management tools for small businesses. Freelancers and small businesses can now work efficiently and professionally.

From 25.00 € /month //user | website |
Last updated: 1 month
Solve360 is a customer relationship management (CRM) tool focused on collaboration and workflow automation, offering unique customization options, which sets it apart from competitors.

/month //user | website | trial account
Last updated: 1 month
SpotlerCRM is a customer relationship management software designed to automate marketing, sales, and customer service activities and processes.

From 0.00 € to 399.00 € /month /according to the number of contacts | website | trial account
Last updated: 1 month
Springly is an all-in-one nonprofit management software providing tools for fundraising, accounting, member management, emailing, and website building, simplifying daily organizational tasks.

From 50.00 € to 234.00 € /month //organisation | website | private demo
Last updated: 1 month
StarChapter is a software platform for managing member-based organizations, offering tools for event management, membership, websites, communication, and finances to streamline administrative tasks.

From 45.00 € to 150.00 € /month //user | website | trial account
Last updated: 1 month
Streak is a Gmail-centric CRM tool offering email tracking, pipelines, task management, and custom workflows, suitable for individuals and teams across various industries.

From 19.00 € to 135.00 € /month //user | website | request trial
Last updated: 1 month
SugarCRM is a customer relationship management software. Originating as open-source, it has evolved into a comprehensive, cloud-based CRM solution focusing on automation, collaboration, and AI-driven insights.

Prices upon request | website | trial account
Last updated: 1 month
SuiteCRM is an open source Customer Relationship Management (CRM) software solution that provides a 360-degree view of your customers and business.

From 52.00 € to 150.00 € /month //user | website | private demo
Last updated: 1 month
SuperOffice is a CRM software designed to help businesses enhance customer relationships, improve sales efficiency, and streamline customer service processes.

From 37.00 € to 74.00 € /month //user | website | trial account
Last updated: 1 month
Teamleader Focus streamlines business management by integrating CRM, project management, and invoicing into a single, user-friendly platform, enhancing productivity and organization.

Prices upon request | website | trial account
Last updated: 1 month
TeamSale CRM optimizes sales processes by providing tools for lead management, sales pipeline tracking, task automation, and reporting, enhancing team collaboration and productivity.

From 39.00 € to 199.00 € /month //organisation | website | trial account
Last updated: 1 month
TeamWave is an integrated business suite from India, offering project management, sales, and HR tools since 2016. It stands out with affordable pricing and simplicity for SMEs.

From 35.00 € to 70.00 € /month //user | website | private demo
Last updated: 1 day
ThinkPeaks.com is a technology solutions provider specializing in IT services for non-profit organizations.

From 17.50 € to 35.00 € /month //user | website | trial account
Last updated: 1 month
Proeminent market player in the Netherlands. Taken over by Efficy in 2021.

Prices upon request | website | public demo
Last updated: 1 month
Tryton.org is an open-source business software platform from Belgium, focusing on modularity and scalability. It stands out with its comprehensive suite of applications for enterprise resource planning (ERP), differing through its community-driven development.

From 0.00 € to 250.00 € /month //organisation | website | private demo
Last updated: 1 month
The platform tailored to your association's needs, the only all-in-one tool that enables associations to manage and distribute their day-to-day activities and requirements centrally and efficiently.

Free of charge | website | trial account
Last updated: 1 month
UpiCRM, from Israel, is a simple, free WordPress plugin for lead management and tracking, offering integration with various form builders.

From 19.00 € to 42.00 € /month //user | website | private demo
Last updated: 1 month
UPilot differentiates itself by offering an intuitive, cloud-based CRM platform with robust sales forecasting, real-time analytics, and automation tailored specifically for small to midsize businesses, enhancing operational efficiency.

Prices upon request | website | private demo
Last updated: 1 month
User.com is an all-in-one marketing automation, sales management, and customer support tools for personalized business-customer interactions.

From 96.00 € /month //simultaneous connection | website | private demo
Last updated: 1 month
VerticalSoft is a French software solution for nonprofits, focusing on fundraising, engagement, and project management.

Prices upon request | website | private demo
Last updated: 1 month
Virtuous is a nonprofit-focused software, designed to enhance donor relations, automate communication, and provide insightful analytics for personalized engagement and increased fundraising efficiency.

From 10.00 € to 50.00 € /month //user | website | trial account
Last updated: 1 month
vTiger CRM is a customer relationship management (CRM) software that centralizes customer data to help businesses manage their interactions with current and potential customers.

From 25.00 € to 60.00 € /month //user | website | trial account
Last updated: 1 month
WebCRM is a cloud-based platform originating from Denmark, designed to streamline sales management, enhance marketing efforts, and improve customer service for small businesses.

From 60.00 € to 900.00 € /month /according to the number of contacts | website | trial account
Last updated: 1 month
WildApricot is membership management software for small associations and non-profit organizations. It manages memberships, events, websites and communications.

From 30.00 € to 100.00 € /month //user | website | trial account
Last updated: 1 month
WORKetc is a cloud-based business management software that combines CRM, project management, billing, sales, support, and collaboration tools for small to medium-sized businesses.

From 9.00 € to 40.00 € /month //user | website | trial account
Last updated: 1 month
WP ERP is a full-featured, open-source Enterprise Resource Planning (ERP) solution for WordPress, providing tools for CRM, HRM, Accounting, and Project Management.

Prices upon request | website | private demo
Last updated: 1 month
Youday CRM is a customizable French SaaS platform designed to manage customer relations and business activities for small to medium-sized enterprises (SMEs), economic development actors, and administrative bodies.

Prices upon request | website | trial account
Last updated: 1 month
Yuto helps businesses manage customer relationships, streamline sales processes, and enhance customer engagement through contact management, lead tracking, sales automation, and detailed analytics for informed decision-making.

From 19.00 € to 149.00 € /month //user | website | trial account
Last updated: 1 month
Founded in Copenhagen in 2007, Zendesk began as a customer service software provider. It has since expanded into CRM, offering solutions that improve customer interactions, support, and engagement across various industries worldwide.

From 12.00 € to 105.00 € /month //user | website | trial account
Last updated: 1 month
Zoho is a comprehensive suite of cloud-based applications designed to help businesses manage various operations including CRM, finance, email, projects, and HR, all while emphasizing affordability and user-friendliness.